The Neighbourhood Effects on Health and Well-being (NEHW) study

Health Place. 2015 Jan;31:65-74. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.11.001. Epub 2014 Nov 25.

Abstract

Many cross-sectional studies of neighbourhood effects on health do not employ strong study design elements. The Neighbourhood Effects on Health and Well-being (NEHW) study, a random sample of 2412 English-speaking Toronto residents (age 25-64), utilises strong design features for sampling neighbourhoods and individuals, characterising neighbourhoods using a variety of data sources, measuring a wide range of health outcomes, and for analysing cross-level interactions. We describe here methodological issues that shaped the design and analysis features of the NEHW study to ensure that, while a cross-sectional sample, it will advance the quality of evidence emerging from observational studies.

Keywords: Cross-level interactions; Health; Multilevel; Neighbourhood; Sampling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anxiety / epidemiology
  • Body Mass Index
  • Chronic Disease / epidemiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ontario / epidemiology
  • Research Design*
  • Residence Characteristics*
  • Social Environment
  • Urban Population