Genome-wide RNAi screen reveals a role for multipass membrane proteins in endosome-to-golgi retrieval

Cell Rep. 2014 Dec 11;9(5):1931-1945. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2014.10.053. Epub 2014 Nov 20.

Abstract

Endosome-to-Golgi retrieval is an essential membrane trafficking pathway required for many important physiological processes and linked to neurodegenerative disease and infection by bacterial and viral pathogens. The prototypical cargo protein for this pathway is the cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (CIMPR), which delivers lysosomal hydrolases to endosomes. Efficient retrieval of CIMPR to the Golgi requires the retromer complex, but other aspects of the endosome-to-Golgi retrieval pathway are poorly understood. Employing an image-based antibody-uptake assay, we conducted a genome-wide RNAi loss-of-function screen for novel regulators of this trafficking pathway and report ∼90 genes that are required for endosome-to-Golgi retrieval of a CD8-CIMPR reporter protein. Among these regulators of endosome-to-Golgi retrieval are a number of multipass membrane-spanning proteins, a class of proteins often overlooked with respect to a role in membrane trafficking. We further demonstrate a role for three multipass membrane proteins, SFT2D2, ZDHHC5, and GRINA, in endosome-to-Golgi retrieval.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Endosomes / metabolism*
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques*
  • Genome, Human
  • Golgi Apparatus / metabolism*
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Protein Transport
  • RNA Interference*
  • RNA, Small Interfering / genetics

Substances

  • Membrane Proteins
  • RNA, Small Interfering