Background: Vorapaxar, a novel thrombin receptor antagonist, reduces cardiovascular death and recurrent thrombotic events when added to standard antiplatelet therapy in patients with stable atherosclerotic vascular disease.
Objectives: The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that treatment with vorapaxar reduces the rate of coronary stent thrombosis (ST) in stable patients with a history of coronary stenting.
Methods: TRA 2° P-TIMI 50 (Trial to Assess the Effects of Vorapaxar in Preventing Heart Attack and Stroke in Patients With Atherosclerosis-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 50) was a multinational, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of vorapaxar in stable patients with prior myocardial infarction, peripheral arterial disease, or stroke. We evaluated the rates of definite ST as adjudicated by a central events committee using Academic Research Consortium (ARC) criteria.
Results: A total of 26,449 patients were randomized, with 14,042 (53%) having a history of a coronary stent implantation before randomization, and an additional 449 patients receiving a coronary stent during the trial (total 14,491). During follow-up (median 2.5 years), there were 152 definite ST events, with the majority (92%) occurring late or very late. Vorapaxar reduced ARC definite ST (1.1% vs. 1.4%, hazard ratio [HR]: 0.71, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.51 to 0.98; p = 0.037). The reduction was consistent, regardless of time from percutaneous coronary intervention, history of diabetes, use of drug-eluting stents, and use of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) at randomization. Vorapaxar increased GUSTO moderate/severe bleeding (HR: 1.57, 95% CI: 1.26 to 1.94; p < 0.001).
Conclusions: The rate of ARC definite ST in stable patients, the majority of whom were receiving DAPT, was approximately 1.4% at 3 years. In stable patients with coronary stenting receiving standard antiplatelet therapy, vorapaxar administered for long-term secondary prevention significantly reduced ARC definite ST, including very late ST. (Trial to Assess the Effects of Vorapaxar [SCH 530348; MK-5348] in Preventing Heart Attack and Stroke in Patients With Atherosclerosis [TRA 2° P-TIMI 50] [P04737]; NCT00526474).
Keywords: DES; PAR-1; antiplatelet therapy; atherothrombosis; stent; thienopyridine.
Copyright © 2014 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.