Impact of timing on major complications after thoracic endovascular aortic repair for acute type B aortic dissection

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Feb;149(2 Suppl):S151-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2014.10.105. Epub 2014 Nov 1.

Abstract

Objective: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has been shown to have survival benefit in patients with complicated type B dissection compared with open surgery or medical therapy. We analyze the impact of timing of intervention from the onset of symptoms to TEVAR, and its relation to complications.

Methods: Between 2005 and 2012, we performed 132 TEVARs for acute and subacute (<6 weeks) type B dissection; 186 other patients were managed with medical therapy only. Patients were followed in a clinical registry. Standard univariate and survival methods were used.

Results: Of the 132 TEVARs for type B dissection, 70 were performed within 48 hours of presentation (Acute-Early); 44 between 48 hours and 14 days from presentation (Acute-Delayed); and 18 between 14 days and 6 weeks of presentation (Subacute). Demographic characteristics were similar among groups. Severe complications were more common in the Early-Acute and Delayed-Acute patients than in the Subacute patients (P = .04) Retrograde type A dissection tended to be more common in the Acute-Early group. Overall survival was similar among groups.

Conclusions: Delayed intervention appears to lower the risk of complications of TEVAR for aortic dissection in patients who are stable enough to wait. Among patients initially managed medically, new TEVAR indications were not uncommon, and such patients must be followed closely.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Aged
  • Aneurysm, Dissecting / diagnosis
  • Aneurysm, Dissecting / mortality
  • Aneurysm, Dissecting / surgery*
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / diagnosis
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / mortality
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / surgery*
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects*
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / mortality
  • Endovascular Procedures / adverse effects*
  • Endovascular Procedures / mortality
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Postoperative Complications / mortality
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control*
  • Registries
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Time-to-Treatment*
  • Treatment Outcome