Minimizing verification bias in cervical cancer screening of HIV-infected women

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2015 Mar;128(3):269-70. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2014.09.007. Epub 2014 Oct 24.


Approximately one-third of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 and above can be missed by only biopsying quadrants of the cervix with visible lesions by digital cervicography.

Keywords: Biopsy; Cervical cancer; HIV; Screening; Verification bias; Zambia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Early Detection of Cancer / methods
  • Early Detection of Cancer / standards
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • Humans
  • Mass Screening / methods*
  • Mass Screening / standards
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis*