Causes of international increases in older age life expectancy

Lancet. 2015 Feb 7;385(9967):540-8. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60569-9. Epub 2014 Nov 6.


In high-income countries, life expectancy at age 60 years has increased in recent decades. Falling tobacco use (for men only) and cardiovascular disease mortality (for both men and women) are the main factors contributing to this rise. In high-income countries, avoidable male mortality has fallen since 1980 because of decreases in avoidable cardiovascular deaths. For men in Latin America, the Caribbean, Europe, and central Asia, and for women in all regions, avoidable mortality has changed little or increased since 1980. As yet, no evidence exists that the rate of improvement in older age mortality (60 years and older) is slowing down or that older age deaths are being compressed into a narrow age band as they approach a hypothesised upper limit to longevity.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cause of Death*
  • Developed Countries*
  • Developing Countries*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Expectancy*
  • Longevity*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Population Dynamics / statistics & numerical data*
  • Socioeconomic Factors