Single photons on-demand from light-hole excitons in strain-engineered quantum dots

Nano Lett. 2015 Jan 14;15(1):422-7. doi: 10.1021/nl5037512. Epub 2014 Dec 8.


We demonstrate for the first time on-demand and wavelength-tunable single-photon emission from light-hole (LH) excitons in strain engineered GaAs quantum dots (QDs). The LH photon emission from tensile-strained GaAs QDs is systematically investigated with polarization-resolved, power-dependent photoluminescence spectroscopy, and photon-correlation measurements. By integrating QD-containing nanomembranes onto a piezo-actuator and driving single QDs with picosecond laser pulses, we achieve triggered and wavelength-tunable LH single-photon emission. Fourier transform spectroscopy is also performed, from which the coherence time of the LH single-photon emission is studied. We envision that this new type of LH exciton-based single-photon source (SPS) can be applied to realize an all-semiconductor based quantum interface in distributed quantum networks [Phys. Rev. Lett. 2008, 100, 096602].

Keywords: Light-hole; PMN-PT; coherence time; nanomembrane; quantum dot; single-photon source.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't