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Comparative Study
, 20 (43), 16245-51

Different Antibiotic Susceptibility Between Antrum and Corpus of the Stomach, a Possible Reason for Treatment Failure of Helicobacter Pylori Infection

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Comparative Study

Different Antibiotic Susceptibility Between Antrum and Corpus of the Stomach, a Possible Reason for Treatment Failure of Helicobacter Pylori Infection

Michael Selgrad et al. World J Gastroenterol.

Abstract

Aim: To assess whether antibiotic resistance varies between the antrum and corpus of the stomach of patients that are either Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) therapy-naive or pre-treated.

Methods: H. pylori strains were isolated from antrum and corpus biopsies from 66 patients that received a diagnostic gastroduodenoscopy for variant clinical indications. Antimicrobial susceptibility to amoxicillin, clarithromycin, tetracycline, metronidazole, levofloxacin and rifabutin was tested with the E-test method on Iso-Sensitest agar with 10 vol% defibrinated horse blood. In patients with a different antibiotic susceptibility pattern between the isolates from the antrum and corpus, DNA fingerprinting via random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis was performed to detect differences among DNA patterns of H. pylori isolates.

Results: Primary, secondary and tertiary resistance to clarithromycin was 6.9%, 53.8% and 83.3%, retrospectively. Metronidazole and levofloxacin resistance also increased according to the number of previous treatments (17.2%, 69.2%, 83.3%; 13.8%, 23.1%, 33.3%). Tertiary resistance to rifabutin was detected in 12.5% of patients. In none of the 66 patients a resistance against amoxicillin or tetracycline was detectable. Discordant antibiotic susceptibility between antrum and corpus isolates for different antibiotics was seen in 15.2% (10/66) of the patients. Two out of those ten patients were naive to any H. pylori antibiotic treatment. The remaining eight patients previously received at least one eradication therapy. DNA fingerprinting analysis revealed no substantial differences among DNA patterns between antrum and corpus isolates in the majority of patients suggesting an infection with a single H. pylori strain.

Conclusion: Different antibiotic susceptibility between antrum and corpus biopsies is a common phenomenon and a possible explanation for treatment failure. Resistant H. pylori strains may be missed if just one biopsy from one anatomic site of the stomach is taken for H. pylori susceptibility testing.

Keywords: Antibiotic susceptibility; Helicobacter pylori treatment; Heteroresistance.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
DNA fingerprinting via random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis profiles of Helicobacter pylori isolates from the antrum (A) and corpus (C) of patient 7-9 with 1254, 1281, and 1290 random primers. A clear difference between antrum and corpus is only observed in patient 7.

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