[Frequency of sensitization to pollens of the subclass Rosidae in patients with respiratory allergy]

Rev Alerg Mex. Oct-Dec 2014;61(4):327-35.
[Article in Spanish]

Abstract

Background: Studies related to the patterns of sensitization to rare species of aeroallergens are uncommon.

Objective: To determine the frequency of sensitization to pollens clinically relevant in Allergology, corresponding to subclass Rosidae in patients with respiratory allergy.

Patients and method: A cross-sectional study was done with patients included in a group with allergic rhinitis or asthma, respectively. We studied the clinical history, physical examination and reactivity to a panel of allergens, including the species Prosopis, Schinus, Acacia and Eucalyptus. Frequency of sensitization and confidence intervals at 95% (95%CI) were calculated.

Results: A total of 104 allergic rhinitis patients and 99 patients with asthma diagnosis were included. In both groups, the mean age corresponded to fourth decade of life. Women had greater frequency. In patients with allergic rhinitis, frequencies of sensitization were: mesquite tree 26.2% (95%CI: 17.7% to 34.6%), American pepper tree 11.5% (95%CI: 5.4% to 17.6%), eucalypt tree 6.7% (95%CI: 1.9% to 11.5%) and acacia tree 3% (95%CI: 0.3% to 6.3%). In subjects with asthma the results were as follows: mesquite tree 13.1% (95%CI: 6.5% to 19.7%), American pepper tree 7.1% (95%CI: 2% to 12.2%), eucalypt tree 4% (95%CI: 0.1% to 7.9%) and acacia tree 3% (95%CI: 0.4% to 6.4%). Both groups had a high frequency of sensitization to ash tree and oak tree followed by eucalypt, pine and acacia tree.

Conclusions: Studied capacity of sensitization to tree pollens for this population is low, except for mesquite tree.

Antecedentes: los estudios relacionados con los patrones de sensibilización a especies de aeroalergenos poco comunes son infrecuentes. Objetivo: determinar la frecuencia de sensibilización a pólenes de relevancia alergológica provenientes de la subclase Rosidae en pacientes con alergia respiratoria. Pacientes y método: estudio descriptivo y transversal en el que se incluyeron pacientes de manera consecutiva a un grupo con rinitis alérgica y a otro con asma. Se estudiaron mediante historia clínica, exploración física y reactividad cutánea a un panel de alergenos, que incluyó a las especies Prosopis, Schinus, Acacia y Eucalyptus. Se determinaron las frecuencias de sensibilización y sus intervalos de confianza a 95% (IC 95%) respectivos. Resultados: se estudiaron 104 pacientes con rinitis alérgica y 99 con asma; en ambos grupos la media de edad se ubicó en la cuarta década de la vida y hubo predomino de mujeres. En los pacientes con rinitis alérgica se observó la siguiente frecuencia de sensibilización: mezquite 26.2% (IC 95%: 17.7 a 34.6%), pirul 11.5% (IC 95%: 5.4 a 17.6%), eucalipto 6.7% (IC 95%: 1.9 a 11.5%) y acacia 3% (IC 95%: 0.3 a 6.3%). En los sujetos con asma la conducta fue la siguiente: mezquite 13.1% (IC 95%: 6.5 a 19.7%), pirul 7.1% (IC 95%: 2 a 12.2%), eucalipto 4 (IC 95%: 0.1 a 7.9%) y acacia 3% (IC 95%: 0.4 a 6.4%). Los dos grupos manifestaron un predominio de sensibilización por los fresnos y encinos; al final se encontraron eucalipto, pino y acacia. Conclusión: la capacidad de sensibilización de los árboles analizados, con excepción del mezquite, es menor.

Keywords: Acacia; Allergens; Anacardiaceae; Eucalyptus; Prosopis.

Publication types

  • English Abstract