Hospital practices and breastfeeding duration: a meta-analysis of controlled trials

Birth. 1989 Jun;16(2):64-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-536x.1989.tb00863.x.


Controlled clinical trials studying the influence of hospital practices on breastfeeding duration were combined using meta-analysis. Nine studies were selected. Supplementation demonstrated a negative clinical effect on breastfeeding duration that was not significant. Nursing support demonstrated a positive clinical effect on breastfeeding duration that was not statistically significant if there was no telephone follow-up, but was significant if there was telephone follow-up. Early contact revealed a positive clinical effect that was significant. We conclude that early contact and nursing support with telephone follow-up appear as enhancing factors of breastfeeding duration.

MeSH terms

  • Aftercare
  • Breast Feeding*
  • Female
  • Hospitals*
  • Humans
  • Institutional Practice*
  • Meta-Analysis as Topic
  • Mother-Child Relations
  • Nursing Care