Much research supports the association between diet and lifestyle in the development of colorectal cancer. Recent studies have demonstrated an association between various energy balance host factors (obesity, physical inactivity, and certain dietary factors) and outcomes. This review summarizes the impact of modifiable lifestyle factors, including prediagnosis and postdiagnosis adiposity, physical activity, and diet, on the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer. The article focuses on associations of these factors in survivors of stage I to III colorectal cancer, and summarizes the possible mechanisms for the association between modifiable lifestyle factors and the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer.
Keywords: Cancer survival; Colorectal cancer; Epigenetics; Lifestyle factors.
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