Response surface optimization and physicochemical properties of polysaccharides from Nelumbo nucifera leaves

Int J Biol Macromol. 2015 Mar:74:103-10. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2014.11.020. Epub 2014 Dec 2.


Dynamic high pressure microfluidization (DHPM)-assisted extraction (DHPMAE) of lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) leaves polysaccharides (LLPs) was optimized by response surface methodology. The optimal extraction conditions were: liquid/solid ratio of 35:1 (v/m, mL/g), processing pressure of 180 MPa, processed two times, extraction temperature of 76°C, extraction time of 50 min. Under the optimal extraction conditions, DHPMAE produced a higher polysaccharides yield (6.31%) than leaching (2.95%). Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis revealed that DHPM could reduce the particles size and make the surface more unconsolidated. The LLPs prepared by both methods showed similar FT-IR spectrum, and were consisted of the same monosaccharides, including rhamnose, fucose, arabinose, xylose, mannose, glucose and galactose. The content of each monosaccharide in extracts, however, was quite different. The average molecular weight of LLPs prepared by DHPMAE is 550 kDa, smaller than 578 kDa obtained by leaching. The LLPs prepared by DHPMAE exhibited stronger DPPH scavenging ability (IC50 value of 0.38 mg/mL), HO scavenging ability (IC50 value of 0.61 mg/mL) and reducing power. Therefore, DHPMAE can be a promising alternative to traditional extraction techniques for polysaccharides from plants, and lotus leaves might be a potential resource of natural antioxidants.

Keywords: Nelumbo nucifera leaves; Polysaccharides; Response surface methodology.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / chemistry
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Molecular Weight
  • Nelumbo / chemistry*
  • Oxidation-Reduction / drug effects
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry*
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry*
  • Polysaccharides / chemistry*
  • Polysaccharides / pharmacology
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared


  • Antioxidants
  • Plant Extracts
  • Polysaccharides