MR safety issues particular to women

Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2015 Feb;23(1):59-67. doi: 10.1016/j.mric.2014.09.002.


Because of its lack of ionizing radiation, MR imaging is increasingly used for patients with cardiovascular disease, including young women. However, the risks related to the MR environment need to be acknowledged and prevented. For women, there are unique gender-related safety issues that are important to address in cardiovascular MR examinations. This article familiarizes radiologists with MR safety issues and current, evidence-based recommendations for specific situations such as pregnancy or lactation and imaging of women who have pelvic gynecologic devices such as intrauterine devices. Practical algorithms to minimize risk and increase MR safety for these women are suggested.

Keywords: Cardiovascular; Fetal; IUD; MR; Pregnancy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Burns, Electric / etiology*
  • Burns, Electric / prevention & control
  • Female
  • Fetal Diseases / etiology*
  • Fetal Diseases / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Labyrinth Diseases / etiology*
  • Labyrinth Diseases / prevention & control
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / adverse effects*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Middle Aged
  • Noise / adverse effects
  • Patient Safety*
  • Pregnancy
  • Radiation Injuries / etiology*
  • Radiation Injuries / prevention & control
  • Women's Health
  • Young Adult