Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is characterized by oculocutaneous albinism, bleeding diathesis, and other variable symptoms. The bleeding diathesis has been attributed to δ storage pool deficiency, reflecting the malformation of platelet dense granules. Here, we analyzed agonist-stimulated secretion from other storage granules in platelets from mouse HPS models that lack adaptor protein (AP)-3 or biogenesis of lysosome-related organelles complex (BLOC)-3 or BLOC-1. We show that α granule secretion elicited by low agonist doses is impaired in all 3 HPS models. High agonist doses or supplemental adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP) restored normal α granule secretion, suggesting that the impairment is secondary to absent dense granule content release. Intravital microscopy following laser-induced vascular injury showed that defective hemostatic thrombus formation in HPS mice largely reflected reduced total platelet accumulation and affirmed a reduced area of α granule secretion. Agonist-induced lysosome secretion ex vivo was also impaired in all 3 HPS models but was incompletely rescued by high agonist doses or excess ADP. Our results imply that (1) AP-3, BLOC-1, and BLOC-3 facilitate protein sorting to lysosomes to support ultimate secretion; (2) impaired secretion of α granules in HPS, and to some degree of lysosomes, is secondary to impaired dense granule secretion; and (3) diminished α granule and lysosome secretion might contribute to pathology in HPS.
© 2015 by The American Society of Hematology.