Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Comorbid Insomnia and Chronic Pain

Sleep Med Clin. 2014 Jun 1;9(2):261-274. doi: 10.1016/j.jsmc.2014.02.007.


This article summarizes the literature on cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) in patients with comorbid insomnia and chronic pain. An empirical rationale for the development of CBT-I in chronic pain is provided. The six randomized controlled trials in this area are described and contrasted. The data suggest that CBT-I for patients with comorbid insomnia and chronic pain produces clinically meaningful improvements in sleep symptoms. Effects on pain are inconsistent, but tend to favor functional measures over pain severity. Hybrid interventions for insomnia and pain have demonstrated feasibility, but larger trials must be conducted to determine efficacy relative to CBT-I alone. Future efforts should employ more comprehensive assessments of pain and psychosocial factors.

Keywords: CBT-I; Chronic Pain; Comorbid; Insomnia.