[Anthropometric evaluation of pediatric patients with non-progressive chronic encephalopathy according to different methods of classification]

Rev Paul Pediatr. 2014 Sep;32(3):194-9. doi: 10.1590/0103-0582201432308. Epub 2014 Oct 3.
[Article in Portuguese]


Objective:: To perform anthropometric assessment of patients with quadriplegic, chronic non-progressive encephalopathy, comparing two distinct references of nutritional classification and to compare the estimated height to the length measured by stadiometer.

Method:: Cross-sectional study including 0-3-year children with quadriplegic chronic non-progressive encephalopathy in secondary public hospital. Length, weight, arm circumference, triceps skinfold and knee height were measured. The arm muscle circumference and estimated height were calculated. The following relations were evaluated: weight-for-age, length-for-age and weight-for-length, using as reference the charts of the World Health Organization (WHO) and those proposed by Krick et al.

Results:: Fourteen children with a mean age of 21 months were evaluated. Assessment of anthropometric indicators showed significant difference between the two classification methods to assess nutritional indicators length/age (p=0.014), weight/age (p=0.014) and weight/length (p=0.001). There was significant correlation between measured length and estimated height (r=0.796, p=0.001). Evaluation of arm circumference and triceps skinfold showed that most patients presented some degree of malnutrition. According to arm muscle circumference, most were eutrophic.

Conclusions:: Specific curves for children with chronic non-progressive encephalopathy appear to underestimate malnutrition when one takes into account indicators involving weight. Curves developed for healthy children can be a good option for clinical practice and weight-for-length indicator and body composition measurements should be considered as complementary tools.

Keywords: Anthropometry; Antropometria; Avaliação nutricional; Cerebral palsy; Child; Criança; Estado nutricional; Nutrition assessment; Nutritional status; Paralisia cerebral.

MeSH terms

  • Body Weights and Measures*
  • Brain Damage, Chronic / classification*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male