Burden of disability due to musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders

Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2014 Jun;28(3):353-66. doi: 10.1016/j.berh.2014.08.002. Epub 2014 Nov 18.


This chapter summarises the global and regional prevalence, disability (Years Lived with Disability (YLDs)) and overall burden (Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs)) and costs for the common musculoskeletal disorders including low back and neck pain, hip and knee osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and a remaining combined group of other MSK conditions. The contribution of the role of pain in disability burden is introduced. Trends over time and predictions of increasing MSK disability with demographic changes are addressed and the particular challenges facing the developing world are highlighted.

Keywords: Burden; Costs; DALYs; Developing countries; Global trends; MSK disorders; Pain; Prevalence; YLDs.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cost of Illness
  • Disability Evaluation*
  • Disabled Persons / statistics & numerical data*
  • Global Health / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors