Comparative virulence of two porcine group-A rotavirus isolates in gnotobiotic pigs

Am J Vet Res. 1989 Jun;50(6):827-35.

Abstract

The virulence of 2 porcine group-A rotavirus isolates was compared. Forty hysterotomy-derived 3-day-old gnotobiotic pigs were inoculated orally with 2 ml of intestinal homogenate containing either the Ohio State University (OSU) or the South Dakota State University (SDSU) strain of porcine rotavirus or were inoculated with medium only. Clinical signs of disease, body weight, distribution of viral antigen, fecal excretion of virus, and histologic lesions (observed by light and scanning electron microscopy) were determined. Morphometric measurements of villi and crypts were made. In pigs inoculated with OSU or SDSU strains, diarrhea began at postinoculation hours (PIH) 19 to 48 and PIH 24 to 54, respectively. None of the virus-infected pigs died as a consequence of infection and all had similar clinical signs of disease, body weight changes, and virus-shedding patterns, regardless of the strain of rotavirus with which they were infected. Microscopic findings in the small intestine of virus-infected pigs were similar, except that the SDSU strain caused more severe villus atrophy and villus fusion in the duodenum at PIH 72 and 168 than was associated with the OSU strain. Viral antigen in the small intestine of pigs infected with either virus was observed by use of immunofluorescence at PIH 24 and 72, but was seldom seen at PIH 168.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Duodenum / microbiology
  • Duodenum / pathology
  • Duodenum / ultrastructure
  • Feces / microbiology
  • Female
  • Germ-Free Life
  • Intestine, Small / microbiology
  • Intestine, Small / pathology*
  • Intestine, Small / ultrastructure
  • Jejunum / microbiology
  • Jejunum / pathology
  • Jejunum / ultrastructure
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Rotavirus / pathogenicity*
  • Rotavirus Infections / microbiology
  • Rotavirus Infections / pathology
  • Rotavirus Infections / veterinary*
  • Swine / microbiology
  • Swine Diseases / microbiology*
  • Swine Diseases / pathology
  • Virulence