Melorheostosis: a rare entity: a case report

Pan Afr Med J. 2014 Jul 26:18:251. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2014.18.251.4661. eCollection 2014.


Melorheostosis is a rare entity belonging to the group of sclerotic bone dysplasias. Described for the first time in 1922 by Leri, it remains imperfectly known as clinical presentations are highly variable, and the etiological diagnosis is not fully elucidated. We report a case of polyostoticmelorheostosis for which radiological investigations were complete, in order to study this disease.

Keywords: CT; MRI; Melorheostosis; sclerotic bone dysplasias.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use
  • Bone and Bones / abnormalities
  • Bone and Bones / pathology
  • Dentin Dysplasia / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Melorheostosis / diagnosis*
  • Melorheostosis / drug therapy
  • Multimodal Imaging
  • Rare Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Rare Diseases / drug therapy
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal

Supplementary concepts

  • Dentin dysplasia sclerotic bones