Identification of an aldehyde dehydrogenase in the microsomes of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes that metabolizes 20-aldehyde leukotriene B4

J Biol Chem. 1989 Sep 5;264(25):14818-23.


We have previously reported that cytochrome P-450LTB in the microsomes of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) catalyzes three omega-oxidations of leukotriene B4 (LTB4), leading to the sequential formation of 20-OH-LTB4, 20-CHO-LTB4, and 20-COOH-LTB4 (Soberman, R.J., Sutyak, J.P., Okita, R.T., Wendelborn, D.F., Roberts, L.J., II, and Austen, K. F. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 7996-8002). The identification of the novel final intermediate, 20-CHO-LTB4, allowed direct analysis of its metabolism by PMN microsomes in the presence of adenine nucleotide cofactors. Microsomes in the presence of 100 microM NAD+ or 100 microM NADP+ converted 1.0 microM 20-CHO-LTB4 to 20-COOH-LTB4 with a Km of 2.4 +/- 0.8 microM (mean +/- S.E., n = 4) and a Vmax of 813.9 +/- 136.6, for NAD+, as compared to 0.12 microM and 5.0 (n = 2) for NADPH as a cofactor. The conversion of 1.0 microM of 20-CHO-LTB4 to 20-COOH-LTB4 in the presence of saturating concentrations (1.0 mM) of both NAD+ and NADP+ was not greater than the reaction in the presence of 1.0 mM of each cofactor separately, indicating that NAD+ and NADP+ were cofactors for the same enzyme. Antibody to cytochrome P-450 reductase did not inhibit the conversion of 20-CHO-LTB4 to 20-COOH-LTB4. When 1.0 microM 20-OH-LTB4 was added to microsomes in the presence of NADPH, approximately three-fourths of the product formed (63.7 +/- 5.1 pmol; mean +/- S.E., n = 3) was 20-CHO-LTB4 and approximately one-fourth (21.3 +/- 3.9 pmol; mean +/- S.E., n = 3) was 20-COOH-LTB4. In the presence of both NADPH and NAD+, only 20-COOH-LTB4 (85.5 +/- 9.9 pmol; mean +/- S.E., n = 3) was formed. PMN microsomes also contain an NADH-dependent aldehyde reductase which converts 20-CHO-LTB4 to 20-OH-LTB4, a member of the LTB4 family of molecules with biological activity. Based upon kinetic, cofactor and inhibition data, microsomal aldehyde dehydrogenase preferentially regulates the final and irreversible inactivation step in the LTB4 metabolic sequence.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aldehyde Dehydrogenase / metabolism*
  • Aldehyde Dehydrogenase / physiology
  • Catalysis
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Kinetics
  • Leukotriene B4 / metabolism*
  • Microsomes / enzymology*
  • Microsomes / metabolism
  • NAD / physiology
  • Neutrophils / enzymology*
  • Neutrophils / metabolism
  • Substrate Specificity


  • NAD
  • 20-aldehyde leukotriene B4
  • Leukotriene B4
  • Aldehyde Dehydrogenase