Background: Twenty to fifty percent of patients with psoriasis have depressive symptoms.
Objective: To describe the effects of biologics (tumour necrosis factor inhibitors [TNFi] or interleukin 12/23 inhibitors [IL-12/23i]) on depressive symptoms in patients with psoriasis.
Methods: Electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effects of biologics on depressive symptoms in adults with psoriasis.
Results: Of the 305 publications identified, three RCTs were included in a systematic review. In a trial evaluating ustekinumab, mean change in Hospital and Anxiety Depression Rating Scale at 24 weeks from baseline was 3.1 with ustekinumab (P < 0.001) vs. 0.21 with placebo (not significant). In a trial evaluating adalimumab, mean change in Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale at 12 weeks from baseline was -6.7 with adalimumab vs. -1.5 with placebo. In a trial evaluating etanercept, the between-group difference at 12 weeks in Beck Depression Inventory Scale was 1.8 (95% CI: 0.6, 2.90) in favour of etanercept over placebo. Limitations are that diagnostic criteria for depression were not used and scales and data from individual RCTs could not be combined.
Conclusion: Adalimumab, etanercept and ustekinumab were associated with statistically significant reductions in depressive symptom scores using various scales in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis.
© 2014 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.