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Review
, 47 (1), 10-5

G Protein-Coupled Receptors: Bridging the Gap From the Extracellular Signals to the Hippo Pathway

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Review

G Protein-Coupled Receptors: Bridging the Gap From the Extracellular Signals to the Hippo Pathway

Xin Zhou et al. Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai).

Abstract

The Hippo pathway is crucial in organ size control, whereas its dysregulation contributes to organ degeneration or tumorigenesis. The kinase cascade of MST1/2 and LATS1/2 and the coupling transcription co-activators YAP/TAZ represent the core components of the Hippo pathway. Extensive studies have identified a number of upstream regulators of the Hippo pathway, including contact inhibition, mechanic stress, extracellular matrix stiffness, cytoskeletal rearrangement, and some molecules of cell polarity and cell junction. However, how the diffuse extracellular signals regulate the Hippo pathway puzzles the researchers for a long time. Unexpectedly, recent elegant studies demonstrated that stimulation of some G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), such as lysophosphatidic acid receptor, sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor, and the protease activated receptor PAR1, causes potent YAP/TAZ dephosphorylation and activation by promoting actin cytoskeleton assemble. In this review, we briefly describe the components of the Hippo pathway and focus on the recent progress with respect to the regulation of the Hippo pathway by GPCRs and G proteins in cancer cells. In addition, we also discuss the potential therapeutic roles targeting the Hippo pathway in human cancers.

Keywords: G proteins; GPCR; Hippo; TAZ; YAP; cancer.

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