Framing life and death on YouTube: the strategic communication of organ donation messages by organ procurement organizations

J Health Commun. 2015;20(2):211-9. doi: 10.1080/10810730.2014.921741. Epub 2014 Dec 12.


Using a sample of YouTube videos posted on the YouTube channels of organ procurement organizations, a content analysis was conducted to identify the frames used to strategically communicate prodonation messages. A total of 377 videos were coded for general characteristics, format, speaker characteristics, organs discussed, structure, problem definition, and treatment. Principal components analysis identified message frames, and k-means cluster analysis established distinct groupings of videos on the basis of the strength of their relationship to message frames. Analysis of these frames and clusters found that organ procurement organizations present multiple, and sometimes competing, video types and message frames on YouTube. This study serves as important formative research that will inform future studies to measure the effectiveness of the distinct message frames and clusters identified.

MeSH terms

  • Cluster Analysis
  • Health Communication / methods*
  • Humans
  • Internet*
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement*
  • United States
  • Videotape Recording*