Is there a relationship between the presence of ponticulus posticus and elongated styloid process?

Clin Imaging. Mar-Apr 2015;39(2):220-4. doi: 10.1016/j.clinimag.2014.11.016. Epub 2014 Nov 26.

Abstract

This study aimed to determine if there is a possible relationship concerning the presence of ponticulus posticus (PP) in patients with elongated styloid process (ESP) on three-dimensional cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. The presence or absence of the PP (whether partial or complete) was determined and noted as a positive or negative finding. Then, the patients with PP were evaluated for ESP. For this purpose, 3-D CBCT scanning digital images of 542 patients having ESP (247 males and 295 females) were examined retrospectively. There was a significant relationship between the presence of PP and ESP (P=.03). The results of this study suggest that there is a significant correlation between the presence of PP and ESP. To our knowledge, this is the first study investigating the relationship between the two disorders in the literature.

Keywords: Cone-beam computed tomography; Eagle's syndrome; Elongated styloid process; Ponticulus posticus; Styloid process.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cervical Atlas / abnormalities*
  • Cervical Atlas / diagnostic imaging
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ossification, Heterotopic / diagnostic imaging*
  • Radiography
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Temporal Bone / abnormalities*
  • Temporal Bone / diagnostic imaging
  • Young Adult

Supplementary concepts

  • Eagle syndrome