Poor understanding of the basic biology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), the etiological agent of tuberculosis, hampers development of much-needed drugs, vaccines, and diagnostic tests. Better experimental tools are needed to expedite investigations of this pathogen at the systems level. Here, we present a functional MTB proteome microarray covering most of the proteome and an ORFome library. We demonstrate the broad applicability of the microarray by investigating global protein-protein interactions, small-molecule-protein binding, and serum biomarker discovery, identifying 59 PknG-interacting proteins, 30 bis-(3'-5')-cyclic dimeric guanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) binding proteins, and 14 MTB proteins that together differentiate between tuberculosis (TB) patients with active disease and recovered individuals. Results suggest that the MTB rhamnose pathway is likely regulated by both the serine/threonine kinase PknG and c-di-GMP. This resource has the potential to generate a greater understanding of key biological processes in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis, possibly leading to more effective therapies for the treatment of this ancient disease.
Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.