Background: Compelling evidence from large randomized trials demonstrates the salutary effects of statins on primary and secondary protection from adverse cardiovascular events in high-risk populations. Our objective was to investigate the role of perioperative statin therapy in noncardiac vascular and endovascular surgery.
Methods: Electronic information sources were systematically searched to identify studies comparing outcomes after noncardiac surgical or endovascular arterial reconstruction in patients who were and were not taking statin in the perioperative or peri-interventional period. The Cochrane Collaboration's tool and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale were used to assess the methodologic quality and risk of bias of the selected studies. Random-effects models were applied to calculate pooled outcome data.
Results: Four randomized controlled trials and 20 observational cohort or case-control studies were selected for analysis. The randomized studies enrolled 675 patients, and the observational studies enrolled 22,861 patients. Statin therapy was associated with a significantly lower risk of all-cause mortality (odds ratio [OR], 0.54; 95% CI, [CI], 0.38-0.78), myocardial infarction (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.45-0.87), stroke (OR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.39-0.67), and the composite of myocardial infarction, stroke, and death (OR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.29-0.70). No significant differences in cardiovascular mortality (OR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.41-1.63) and the incidence of kidney injury (OR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.58-1.39) between the groups were identified.
Conclusions: Our analysis demonstrated that statin therapy is beneficial in improving operative and interventional outcomes and should be considered as part of the optimization strategy for prevention of adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events and death.
Copyright © 2015 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.