Wilderness Medical Society practice guidelines for treatment of eye injuries and illnesses in the wilderness: 2014 update

Wilderness Environ Med. 2014 Dec;25(4 Suppl):S19-29. doi: 10.1016/j.wem.2014.08.008.


A panel convened to develop an evidence-based set of guidelines for the recognition and treatment of eye injuries and illnesses that may occur in the wilderness. These guidelines are meant to serve as a tool to help wilderness providers accurately identify and subsequently treat or evacuate for a variety of ophthalmologic complaints. Recommendations are graded on the basis of the quality of their supporting evidence and the balance between risks and benefits according to criteria developed by the American College of Chest Physicians. This is an updated version of the original guidelines published in Wilderness & Environmental Medicine 2012;23(4):325-336.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Eye Diseases / therapy*
  • Eye Injuries / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'*
  • Societies, Medical
  • Wilderness Medicine* / standards