Background: Statin intolerance has been a major limitation in the use of statins, especially at higher doses. New effective treatments are needed for lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in patients who cannot tolerate daily statin doses.
Objective: ODYSSEY ALTERNATIVE (NCT01709513) evaluates efficacy and safety of alirocumab, a fully human proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 monoclonal antibody, in patients with well-documented statin intolerance and moderate to very high cardiovascular risk.
Methods: This is a phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy study in statin-intolerant patients. Intolerance was defined as inability to take at least 2 different statins because of muscle-related adverse events (AEs), 1 at the lowest approved starting dose. Patients first received single-blind subcutaneous and oral placebo for 4 weeks, and were withdrawn if they developed muscle-related AEs after the placebo treatment. Continuing patients were randomized (2:2:1 ratio) to alirocumab 75 mg self-administered via single 1 mL prefilled pen every 2 weeks or ezetimibe 10 mg/day or atorvastatin 20 mg/day (statin rechallenge), for 24 weeks. Alirocumab dose was increased to 150 mg every 2 weeks (also 1 mL) at week 12 depending on week 8 LDL-C level. The primary endpoint is percent change in LDL-C from baseline to week 24 by intent-to-treat analysis. Muscle-related AEs were assessed by spontaneous patient reports and clinic queries.
Results: A total of 314 patients have been randomized.
Conclusions: This is the first and only study of a new class of LDL-C-lowering agents in patients selected with a rigorously documented intolerance to statins, using a placebo run-in and statin control arm.
Keywords: Alirocumab; Ezetimibe; Hypercholesterolemia; Muscle symptoms; PCSK9; Phase 3 clinical trial; Statin intolerance; Statin myopathy.
Copyright © 2014 National Lipid Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.