Aging and dyslipidemia: a review of potential mechanisms

Ageing Res Rev. 2015 Jan;19:43-52. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2014.12.001. Epub 2014 Dec 8.

Abstract

Elderly adults constitute a rapidly growing part of the global population, thus resulting in an increase in morbidity and mortality related to cardiovascular disease (CVD), which remains the major cause of death in elderly population, including men and women. Dyslipidemia is a well-established risk factor for CVD and is estimated to account for more than half of the worldwide cases of coronary artery disease (CAD). Many studies have shown a strong correlation between serum cholesterol levels and risk of developing CAD. In this paper, we review the changes of plasma lipids that occur in men and women during aging and the potential mechanisms of age-related disorders of lipoprotein metabolism covering humans and/or animals, in which changes of the liver sinusoidal endothelium, postprandial lipemia, insulin resistance induced by free fatty acid (FFA), growth hormone (GH), androgen (only for men) and expression and activity of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) are mainly focused.

Keywords: Aging; Cardiovascular disease; Dyslipidemia; Lipoprotein metabolism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aging / physiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / physiopathology
  • Dyslipidemias / complications
  • Dyslipidemias / etiology*
  • Dyslipidemias / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lipid Metabolism / physiology
  • Lipids / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sex Factors
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Lipids