Dasatinib is a BCR-ABL kinase inhibitor with improved potency compared with imatinib, for which efficacy and safety in imatinib-resistant and imatinib-intolerant patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) have been established. Here, an open-label phase II study evaluated the efficacy and safety of dasatinib in 50 Japanese patients with imatinib-resistant or imatinib-intolerant CML during the chronic phase (CML-CP). Dasatinib was effective in imatinib-resistant and imatinib-intolerant patients. After 12 months of dasatinib therapy, 35 patients (70%) had achieved a major molecular response (MMR) and 16 patients (32%) had achieved a complete molecular response (CMR). Among the imatinib-resistant CML-CP cohort, 21 and 8 patients had achieved an MMR and a CMR after 12 months of dasatinib therapy, respectively. Among the imatinib-intolerant CML-CP cohort, 14 and 8 patients had achieved an MMR and a CMR after 12 months of dasatinib therapy, respectively. After 18 months of dasatinib therapy, 38 out of 50 patients (76.0%) had achieved an MMR and 19 patients (38.0%) had achieved a CMR. A lower level of BCR-ABL transcript at 1 or 3 months after the initiation of dasatinib treatment was more strongly correlated with the BCR-ABL transcript level at 12 and 18 months (p ＜ 0.001) than a higher level of BCR-ABL. The T315I mutation was identified in two patients receiving dasatinib therapy. Dasatinib was generally well tolerated, with only 3 patients (5%) having treatment discontinuation as a result of adverse hematologic events (thrombocytopenia, anemia, neutropenia) and/or non-hematologic events at a 12-month follow-up evaluation. Dasatinib was a safe and effective treatment for Japanese patients with imatinib-resistant or imatinib-intolerant CML. In addition, the molecular response at 1 or 3 months predicted a response to dasatinib at 12 or 18 months.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00866736.