Fine mapping of a grain weight quantitative trait locus, qGW6, using near isogenic lines derived from Oryza rufipogon IRGC105491 and Oryza sativa cultivar MR219

Genet Mol Res. 2014 Nov 11;13(4):9477-88. doi: 10.4238/2014.November.11.13.

Abstract

Grain weight is a major component of rice grain yield and is controlled by quantitative trait loci. Previously, a rice grain weight quantitative trait locus (qGW6) was detected near marker RM587 on chromosome 6 in a backcross population (BC2F2) derived from a cross between Oryza rufipogon IRGC105491 and O. sativa cv. MR219. Using a BC2F5 population, qGW6 was validated and mapped to a region of 4.8 cM (1.2 Mb) in the interval between RM508 and RM588. Fine mapping using a series of BC4F3 near isogenic lines further narrowed the interval containing qGW6 to 88 kb between markers RM19268 and RM19271.1. According to the Duncan multiple range test, 8 BC4F4 near isogenic lines had significantly higher 100-grain weight (4.8 to 7.5% over MR219) than their recurrent parent, MR219 (P < 0.05). According to the rice genome automated annotation database, there are 20 predicted genes in the 88-kb target region, and 9 of them have known functions. Among the genes with known functions in the target region, in silico gene expression analysis showed that 9 were differentially expressed during the seed development stage(s) from gene expression series GSE6893; however, only 3 of them have known functions. These candidates provide targets for further characterization of qGW6, which will assist in understanding the genetic control of grain weight in rice.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Crosses, Genetic*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Genes, Plant
  • Genetic Association Studies
  • Genotype
  • Organ Size / genetics
  • Oryza / genetics*
  • Physical Chromosome Mapping*
  • Quantitative Trait Loci / genetics*
  • Seeds / anatomy & histology*
  • Seeds / genetics*