Spinal injuries in abusive head trauma: patterns and recommendations

Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Dec;44 Suppl 4:S604-12. doi: 10.1007/s00247-014-3066-1. Epub 2014 Dec 14.


A growing body of scientific evidence suggests that there is an association between occult spinal injury and abusive head trauma (previously known as shaken baby syndrome). Consideration needs to be given to the nature of these injuries, the possible causal mechanisms and what investigations should be undertaken to delineate the full extent of spinal involvement in infants with suspected abusive head trauma. This association has the potential to influence our understanding of the biomechanics and subsequent neuropathology associated with abusive head trauma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child Abuse / diagnosis*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Forensic Medicine / methods*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Spinal Fractures / diagnosis*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*