Persons with sickle cell trait (SCT) are heterozygous carriers of an abnormal ß-globin gene that results in the production of an abnormal hemoglobin, Hb S, which can distort red blood cells (http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/sicklecell/facts.html). All state newborn screening (NBS) programs have provided universal sickle cell disease (SCD) screening for newborns since 2006. Screening for SCD detects both SCD and SCT. To obtain up-to-date measures of the occurrence of SCT among newborns by race/ethnicity and state of birth, data collected by state NBS programs in 2010 were examined. In 2010, the incidence of SCT in participating states was 15.5 per 1,000 newborns overall; 73.1 among black newborns and 6.9 among Hispanic newborns. Incidence by state ranged from 0.8 per 1,000 screened newborns in Montana to 34.1 per 1,000 in Mississippi. Although the occurrence of SCT varies greatly from state-to-state and among different races and ethnicities, every state and racial/ethnic population includes persons living with the condition. The period immediately following NBS is ideal for primary care providers and genetic counselors to begin educating the families of identified persons with SCT about potential health complications and reproductive considerations.