"You think it's hard now … It gets much harder for our children": Youth with autism and their caregiver's perspectives of health care transition services

Autism. 2015 Nov;19(8):992-1001. doi: 10.1177/1362361314558279. Epub 2014 Dec 11.

Abstract

Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder diagnosis often have complex comorbid physical and mental health conditions. These youth rely heavily on their medical providers and struggle through the often rocky transition out of pediatric care into adulthood and adult-centered care. This study is among the first to qualitatively examine the health care transition experiences of youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder and their caregivers. We conducted four focus groups with youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (n = 13) and their caregivers (n = 19) and used thematic analysis strategies to identify key themes. Parents' discussions emphasized (a) loss of relationship with provider and lack of support transitioning from pediatric to adult care, (b) providers' lack of knowledge about Autism Spectrum Disorder, and (c) concerns about losing guardianship. Youth emphasized their confusion and anxiety around (a) medical providers' role, especially in the transition to adulthood; and (b) managing their medical lives independently. Our findings are important because they not only improve our understanding of health care transition needs among youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder and their caregivers but demonstrate a sound methodological procedure to facilitate input from youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Keywords: adolescence/youth; autism; caregiving; health care transition.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder / psychology
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder / therapy
  • Autistic Disorder / psychology
  • Autistic Disorder / therapy*
  • Caregivers* / psychology
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Humans
  • Independent Living / psychology
  • Male
  • Parents / psychology
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Transition to Adult Care*
  • Young Adult