Behavioral Health Screening in Pediatric Primary Care: A Pilot Study

J Prim Care Community Health. 2015 Jul;6(3):199-204. doi: 10.1177/2150131914562912. Epub 2014 Dec 11.


This pilot study investigated the effect of the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC) on identification of and physician response to behavioral health (BH) concerns. Researchers reviewed 1211 charts of youth aged 4 to 16 years. Records were compared during baseline and an intervention consisting of implementation of the PSC to determine the rate of BH identification and pediatrician response. Access to PSC data resulted in a trivial difference in BH concerns identified by physicians and did not affect physician responses. This case study demonstrates that simply implementing BH screening in primary care may not result in improved outcomes for these children.

Keywords: children; impact evaluation; pediatrics; primary care; program evaluation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Child
  • Child Behavior Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Screening / methods
  • Midwestern United States
  • Pediatrics / standards*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Primary Health Care / standards*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*