We have identified a new insertion sequence, IS866, located in the auxin synthesis gene TA iaaH of Tm4, a wide host range biotype III octopine/cucumopine type Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain with two T regions on its tumor-inducing (Ti) plasmid, TA, and TB. IS866 is 2716 bp long, has inverted repeats of 27 bp with three mismatches, and generates 8-bp direct repeats upon integration. In addition to IS866, pTiTm4 carries two copies of a related element, IS867, associated with TA and TB, respectively. A systematic study of 92 virulent Agrobacterium strains has shown that among the three biotypes all octopine/cucumopine and vitopine biotype III isolates contain IS866-like elements. The various octopine/cucumopine Ti plasmids always carry IS866 and IS867 at the same position as in pTiTm4. The chromosomes of the bacteria which contain these Ti plasmids also carry IS866 and IS867 copies but in varying numbers and locations.