Purpose: By self-report and serum levels of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) this study aims to assess post-treatment fertility after modern treatment of women with malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCT).
Patients and methods: In 2013 a questionnaire-based survey was performed in 61 MOGCT patients diagnosed at age <40years from 1980-2009. Forty-nine of them also attended the out-patient clinic. The event of first post-treatment pregnancy ("fertility") was documented as cumulative estimates for all 61 patients and within each of 4 treatment groups: Group 1: Surgery only (n=10); Group 2: ≤3cycles of cisplatin-based chemotherapy (CBCT) (n=20); Group 3: >3cycles of CBCT (n=15) and Group 4: other adjuvant treatment (n=16). AMH was determined in 22 women <40years at survey. Statistics were based on Kaplan Meier procedure, log-rank test and a significance level p<0.05.
Results: At least one post-treatment pregnancy was reported by 34 of 39 MOGCT survivors who attempted motherhood after treatment. The 15-year cumulative post-treatment fertility estimate was 28% (95% CI: 26-30) for all 61 survivors and was significantly higher in patients treated with 3 or fewer cycles of CBCT (53% [95% CI: 50-55]) than those treated with more than 3cycles (20% [95% CI: 17-22]) (P=0.03). Of 22 AMH levels, two were <3pmol/l, with one women being pregnant at survey.
Conclusion: After fertility-sparing surgery and modern cisplatin-based chemotherapy, fertility is preserved in most MOGCT survivors though dependent on the number of cycles. AMH's role as a biomarker of gonadal function seems promising but requires further research.
Keywords: Cisplatin-based chemotherapy; Fertility; Ovarian germ cell cancer.
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