Association between self-reported sleep duration and serum vitamin D level in elderly Korean adults

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Dec;62(12):2327-32. doi: 10.1111/jgs.13148.


Objectives: To investigate the association between self-reported sleep duration and serum vitamin D level in elderly Korean adults.

Design: Cross-sectional data analysis.

Setting: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010.

Participants: Noninstitutionalized adults aged 60 to 80 (N = 1,614).

Measurements: The confounding variables were serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D level, age, sex, body mass index, smoking history, alcohol consumption, and self-reported daily sun exposure and sleep duration. Self-reported daily sleep duration was divided into four groups: Q1 (≤4 hours), Q2 (5-6 hours), Q3 (7-8 hours), and Q4 (≥9 hours).

Results: Mean serum vitamin D levels of subjects in the Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4 groups were 44.18, 48.08, 48.83, and 51.78 nmol/L, respectively. On multivariate linear regression analysis, subjects in the Q2 (B = 3.80, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.42-7.19), Q3 (B = 4.89, 95% CI = 1.54-8.24), and Q4 (B = 5.18, 95% CI = 0.78-9.58) groups had significantly higher serum vitamin D levels than subjects in the Q1 group.

Conclusion: Serum vitamin D level is positively associated with self-reported daily sleep duration in elderly Korean individuals. These results suggest that inadequate sleep duration may be associated with lower vitamin D levels in elderly adults.

Keywords: elderly; sleep duration; vitamin D.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Republic of Korea / epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / blood*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / epidemiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / blood*
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / epidemiology