We examined coffee consumption patterns over the past decade among Korean adults. This study was based on seven different cross-sectional data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) between 2001 and 2011 (17,367 men and 23,591 women aged 19-103 y, mean 48.1 y). Information on frequency and type of coffee consumption was derived from frequency questionnaires or 24-hour recalls. For the study period, the prevalence of daily coffee consumption increased by 20.3% (from 54.6 to 65.7%; p<0.001). For those who consumed 2 or more cups of coffee daily, it dramatically increased by 48.8% (from 29.1 to 43.3%; p<0.001). The instant coffee mix was consumed the most frequently by Korean adults, and it was on the increasing trend among people who were middle aged or older (>=40 y), while it was on the slowdown in young men or on the declining trend in young women. Brewed coffee consumption had an increasing trend by all age groups in recent years. Especially, there was a rapid increase in brewed coffee consumption among young women (strongly) and young men. The instant coffee mix that contains non-dairy creamer and/or sugar still takes up a significant portion of coffee consumption in Korea, which may result in weight gain and insulin resistance, and potential benefits of coffee may be offset. Given high prevalence of coffee consumption in Korea, nutrition education should be conducted to help people (especially the elderly) to make healthy coffee drinking habits.
我们在过去十年里对韩国成年人的咖啡消费模式进行了调查。此项研究基于 2001 至2011 年韩国国家健康与营养调查研究的七个横断面调查数据（17367 名男性，12591 名女性，年龄为19-103 岁，平均年龄48.1 岁）。咖啡的消费 频率和类型由频率问卷调查或24 小时回顾询问法得到。十年间，每日喝咖啡 的流行率增长了20.3%（从54.6%增加到了65.7%，p<0.001）。每日消费2 杯 和2 杯以上咖啡的人激增了48.8%（从29.1%增加到43.3%，p<0.001）。速溶 咖啡是被韩国成年人消费最频繁的，而且在中年以上人群（年龄>=40 岁）中仍 有增长趋势，但是年轻男性对咖啡的消费量放缓，年轻女性则有下降趋势。近 年，现磨咖啡的消费在各年龄层都有所增长。特别的，现磨咖啡在年轻女性中 消费明显增加，在年轻男性中也有增加。含有植脂末和/或糖的速溶咖啡仍占 韩国咖啡消费很大比重，由此可导致体重增加和胰岛素抵抗，以及使咖啡有益 部分被抵消。咖啡消费在韩国高度流行，那么应当开展营养方面教育（特别是 年长者），使人们养成健康的饮用咖啡习惯。