Analysis of free sulfhydryl groups and disulfide bonds in Na+,K+-ATPase

FEBS Lett. 1989 Sep 25;255(2):265-8. doi: 10.1016/0014-5793(89)81103-2.


The content of free SH groups and disulfide bonds in the purified pig kidney Na+,K+-ATPase was determined by ammetric titration with silver nitrate. In the native enzyme, most of the free SH groups are masked due to their location in the polypeptide chain regions poorly accessible to SH reagents. Denaturation with 5% SDS and 8 M urea makes these regions accessible thus revealing 22 free SH groups/mol of the protein. After complete blocking of free SH groups with silver ions, 8 SH groups/mol of the protein are being released upon sulfitolysis which indicates the presence of four disulfide bonds in the enzyme. At least one disulfide bridge is located in the alpha-subunit whereas the beta-subunit contains three disulfide bonds.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Disulfides / analysis
  • Kidney Medulla / enzymology
  • Silver Nitrate / pharmacology
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase / isolation & purification
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase / metabolism*
  • Sulfhydryl Compounds / analysis
  • Swine


  • Disulfides
  • Sulfhydryl Compounds
  • Silver Nitrate
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase