Treatment of poststroke aphasia: current practice and new directions

Semin Neurol. 2014 Nov;34(5):504-13. doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1396004. Epub 2014 Dec 17.

Abstract

Aphasia is an acquired neurologic disorder that impairs an individual's ability to use and/or understand language. It commonly occurs after stroke or other injury to the brain's language network. The authors present the current methods of diagnosis and treatment of aphasia. They include a review of the evidence for the benefits of speech-language therapy, the most widespread approach to aphasia treatment, and a discussion of newer interventions such as medication and brain stimulation. These methods hold much promise for improving patient outcomes in aphasia; however, additional research regarding the best approaches to aphasia treatment will greatly improve our clinical approach.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aphasia / diagnosis*
  • Aphasia / etiology
  • Aphasia / therapy*
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / methods
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / trends*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Recovery of Function*
  • Stroke / complications
  • Stroke / diagnosis*
  • Stroke / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome