The feasibility, safety, and value of coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) in evaluating orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) candidates are unknown. We studied a cohort of consecutive OLT candidates with intermediate-to-high risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). Intermediate risk candidates received CCTA, and those at high risk or with abnormal noninvasive testing underwent invasive coronary angiography (ICA). One hundred consecutive patients were evaluated. Fifty patients underwent a CCTA, 71.4% were β-blocked, the image quality was "good" or "excellent" in 71.4% of cases, and there was no event of significant contrast-induced nephropathy. Twenty (20%) patients were found to have severe CAD (≥70% stenosis) by CCTA and/or ICA. Independent predictors of severe CAD were age (odds ratio [OR] = 5.4 per 10-year increment, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.7-17.0; P = .004), dyslipidemia (OR = 12.3, 95% CI = 2.6-57.6; P = .001), and chest pain (OR = 6.0, 95% CI = 1.2-29.1; P = .03). Implementing CCTA in the evaluation of intermediate/high CAD risk OLT candidates is challenging but feasible and seems safe.
Keywords: coronary angiography; coronary artery disease; coronary computed tomographic angiography; end-stage liver disease; liver transplant.
© The Author(s) 2014.