Laparoscopic repair of postoperative perineal hernia using a two-mesh technique

Colorectal Dis. 2015 Mar;17(3):O70-3. doi: 10.1111/codi.12873.

Abstract

Aim: Perineal herniation following abdomino-perineal excision of the rectum (APER) can be debilitating. Repair options include a transabdominal (laparoscopic or open), perineal or a combined approach, but there is no consensus on the optimal technique. We describe a novel laparoscopic two-mesh technique and short- to medium-term outcomes.

Method: Six patients underwent this operation between 2008 and 2014. Patients were positioned in a modified Lloyd-Davies position, allowing perineal access, and steep Trendelenburg to aid displacement of small bowel from the pelvis. A polypropylene mesh was shaped, placed over the hernial defect, tacked postero-laterally and sutured antero-laterally to reconstitute the pelvic diaphragm. A second larger mesh (composite) was placed over the first supporting mesh and secured with tacks and sutures, overlapping the hernial defect, preventing small bowel contact with the mesh.

Results: The median time from the index operation to presentation of the hernia was 5 months. One patient with dense small bowel adhesions from the primary repair had a combined laparoscopic and perineal approach. The median operating time was 141 min and median length of stay was 3 days. There were no intra-operative complications and no recurrences over a follow-up of 1-76 months.

Conclusion: We describe a novel laparoscopic technique for perineal hernia repair following APER with a low recurrence rate in the intermediate term.

Keywords: Hernia; laparoscopic; perineal.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Herniorrhaphy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Incisional Hernia / etiology
  • Incisional Hernia / surgery*
  • Laparoscopy / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Perineum / surgery*
  • Postoperative Complications / surgery
  • Surgical Mesh*