Background: The New Mexico Pharmaceutical Care Foundation provided a pharmacist-assisted tobacco cessation program from 2004 to 2010. In evaluating the program, discrepant 6-month quit rates were observed between pharmacies.
Objective: To identify participant- and pharmacy-specific factors associated with improved quit rates.
Methods: To supplement data regarding participant characteristics and quit rates, semistructured interviews of 7 participating pharmacists were conducted. Multivariate logistic regression quantified associations between successful abstinence at 6 months and participant characteristics and pharmacy-specific factors.
Results: Quit rates by pharmacy ranged from 1.1% to 59.4% (mean = 19.1%). There were 1235 participants enrolled at 7 pharmacies, and because of missing participant data, 883 were included in the quantitative analysis. Three pharmacy-specific characteristics distinguished 6-month success rates: number and duration of follow-ups and format of counseling sessions. Participants followed up at least 3 times were more likely to quit at 6 months than those contacted once or twice (odds ratio [OR] =4.9; 95% CI = 1.6-15.0). Compared with follow-ups of <15 minutes, longer durations of follow-ups were associated with higher success rates: 15 to 30 minutes, OR = 7.2, 95% CI = 3.7-14.3); >30 minutes, OR = 10.0, 95% CI = 3.5-28.9. Participants who attended group sessions were more likely to quit at 6 months than those who attended individual sessions: OR = 8.2; 95% CI = 2.8-23.9. Most pharmacists (88%) noted that participants' high or low commitment to quit was associated with success or failure, respectively. Several pharmacists (43%) noted difficulties with follow-up associated with participants' relapse. Time constraints were an obstacle noted by 70% of pharmacists.
Conclusions: Pharmacy-specific factors, including counseling format and program intensity, affected success.
Keywords: evaluation; pharmacists; quit rates; tobacco cessation.
© The Author(s) 2014.