Validation and comparison of two commercial ELISA kits and three in-house developed real-time PCR assays for the detection of potentially allergenic mustard in food

Food Chem. 2015 May 1;174:75-81. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.10.132. Epub 2014 Nov 3.


The study compares the applicability of two commercial mustard ELISA kits (Mustard ELISA Kit-specific and Mustard ELISA Kit-total) and three in-house developed real-time PCR assays (singleplex assay for white mustard, singleplex assay for black/brown mustard and duplex assay for the detection of white, black and brown mustard). Analyses of raw and brewed model sausages containing white and black/brown mustard in the range from 1 to 50 ppm indicate that both ELISAs and the three real-time PCR assays allow the detection of traces of mustard in raw and in brewed sausages. The ELISAs were found to be more sensitive than the real-time PCR assays. When the ELISAs and real-time PCR assays were applied to the analysis of 15 commercial foodstuffs differing in their labelling concerning mustard, in one sample mustard was detected with both ELISAs and the three real-time PCR assays although mustard was not indicated on the food ingredient list.

Keywords: ELISA; Food allergen; Mustard; Real-time PCR; Validation.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Allergens / analysis*
  • Allergens / genetics
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / methods*
  • Food Contamination / analysis
  • Meat Products / analysis*
  • Mustard Plant / chemistry*
  • Mustard Plant / genetics
  • Plant Proteins / analysis
  • Plant Proteins / genetics
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods*
  • Sinapis / chemistry*
  • Sinapis / genetics


  • Allergens
  • Plant Proteins