Development and validation of an endoscopic classification of diverticular disease of the colon: the DICA classification

Dig Dis. 2015;33(1):68-76. doi: 10.1159/000366039. Epub 2014 Dec 17.


Background: A validated endoscopic classification of diverticular disease (DD) of the colon is lacking at present. Our aim was to develop a simple endoscopic score of DD: the Diverticular Inflammation and Complication Assessment (DICA) score.

Methods: The DICA score for DD resulted in the sum of the scores for the extension of diverticulosis, the number of diverticula per region, the presence and type of inflammation, and the presence and type of complications: DICA 1 (≤ 3), DICA 2 (4-7) and DICA 3 (>7). A comparison with abdominal pain and inflammatory marker expression was also performed. A total of 50 videos of DD patients were reassessed in order to investigate the predictive role of DICA on the outcome of the disease.

Results: Overall agreement in using DICA was 0.847 (95% confidence interval, CI, 0.812-0.893): 0.878 (95% CI 0.832-0.895) for DICA 1, 0.765 (95% CI 0.735-0.786) for DICA 2 and 0.891 (95% CI 0.845-0.7923) for DICA 3. Intra-observer agreement (kappa) was 0.91 (95% CI 0.886-0.947). A significant correlation was found between the DICA score and C-reactive protein values (p = 0.0001), as well as between the median pain score and the DICA score (p = 0.0001). With respect to the 50 patients retrospectively reassessed, occurrence/recurrence of disease complications was recorded in 29 patients (58%): 10 (34.5%) were classified as DICA 1 and 19 (65.5%) as DICA 2 (p = 0.036).

Conclusions: The DICA score is a simple, reproducible, validated and easy-to-use endoscopic scoring system for DD of the colon.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Colon / pathology*
  • Diverticulum / classification*
  • Diverticulum / complications*
  • Edema / complications
  • Edema / pathology
  • Endoscopy*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / complications*
  • Inflammation / pathology*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Reproducibility of Results