Genomic sequencing and biological characteristics of a novel Escherichia coli bacteriophage 9g, a putative representative of a new Siphoviridae genus

Viruses. 2014 Dec 19;6(12):5077-92. doi: 10.3390/v6125077.


Bacteriophage 9 g was isolated from horse feces using Escherichia coli C600 as a host strain. Phage 9 g has a slightly elongated capsid 62 × 76 nm in diameter and a non-contractile tail about 185 nm long. The complete genome sequence of this bacteriophage consists of 56,703 bp encoding 70 predicted open reading frames. The closest relative of phage 9 g is phage PhiJL001 infecting marine alpha-proteobacterium associated with Ircinia strobilina sponge, sharing with phage 9 g 51% of amino acid identity in the main capsid protein sequence. The DNA of 9 g is resistant to most restriction endonucleases tested, indicating the presence of hypermodified bases. The gene cluster encoding a biosynthesis pathway similar to biosynthesis of the unusual nucleoside queuosine was detected in the phage 9 g genome. The genomic map organization is somewhat similar to the typical temperate phage gene layout but no integrase gene was detected. Phage 9 g efficiently forms stable associations with its host that continues to produce the phage over multiple passages, but the phage can be easily eliminated via viricide treatment indicating that no true lysogens are formed. Since the sequence, genomic organization and biological properties of bacteriophage 9 g are clearly distinct from other known Enterobacteriaceae phages, we propose to consider it as the representative of a novel genus of the Siphoviridae family.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Coliphages / classification
  • Coliphages / genetics*
  • Coliphages / isolation & purification*
  • Coliphages / physiology
  • Escherichia coli / virology
  • Feces / virology*
  • Genome, Viral*
  • Horses
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Siphoviridae / classification
  • Siphoviridae / genetics*
  • Siphoviridae / isolation & purification*
  • Siphoviridae / physiology