Risk factors for endometrial cancer in black and white women: a pooled analysis from the Epidemiology of Endometrial Cancer Consortium (E2C2)

Cancer Causes Control. 2015 Feb;26(2):287-296. doi: 10.1007/s10552-014-0510-3. Epub 2014 Dec 23.

Abstract

Purpose: Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynecologic cancer in the USA. Over the last decade, the incidence rate has been increasing, with a larger increase among blacks. The aim of this study was to compare risk factors for EC in black and white women.

Methods: Data from seven cohort and four case-control studies were pooled. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals for each risk factor in blacks and whites separately.

Results: Data were pooled for 2,011 black women (516 cases and 1,495 controls) and 19,297 white women (5,693 cases and 13,604 controls). BMI ≥ 30 was associated with an approximate threefold increase in risk of EC in both black and white women (ORblack 2.93, 95 % CI 2.11, 4.07 and ORwhite 2.99, 95 % CI 2.74, 3.26). Diabetes was associated with a 30-40 % increase in risk among both groups. Increasing parity was associated with decreasing risk of EC in blacks and whites (p value = 0.02 and <0.001, respectively). Current and former smoking was associated with decreased risk of EC among all women. Both black and white women who used oral contraceptives for 10 +years were also at reduced risk of EC (OR 0.49, 95 % CI 0.27, 0.88 and OR 0.69, 95 % CI 0.58, 0.83, respectively). Previous history of hypertension was not associated with EC risk in either group.

Conclusions: The major known risk factors for EC exert similar effects on black and white women. Differences in the incidence rates between the two populations may be due to differences in the prevalence of risk factors.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • African Americans
  • African Continental Ancestry Group
  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Cohort Studies
  • Contraceptives, Oral / therapeutic use
  • Diabetes Complications / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Complications / ethnology
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / ethnology*
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Incidence
  • Logistic Models
  • Maternal Age
  • Menarche
  • Middle Aged
  • Odds Ratio
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Contraceptives, Oral

Grant support