Yeast surface display is a novel tool for the rapid immunological characterization of plant-derived food allergens

Immunol Res. 2015 Mar;61(3):230-9. doi: 10.1007/s12026-014-8614-0.

Abstract

High-throughput characterization of allergens relies often on phage display technique which is subject to the limitations of a prokaryotic expression system. Substituting the phage display platform with a yeast surface display could lead to fast immunological characterization of allergens with complex structures. Our objective was to evaluate the potential of yeast surface display for characterization of plant-derived food allergens. The coding sequence of mature actinidin (Act d 1) was cloned into pCTCON2 surface display vector. Flow cytometry was used to confirm localization of recombinant Act d 1 on the surface of yeast cells using rabbit polyclonal antisera IgG and IgE from sera of kiwifruit-allergic individuals. Immunological (dot blot, immunoblot ELISA and ELISA inhibition), biochemical (enzymatic activity in gel) and biological (basophil activation) characterization of Act d 1 after solubilization from the yeast cell confirmed that recombinant Act d 1 produced on the surface of yeast cell is similar to its natural counterpart isolated from green kiwifruit. Yeast surface display is a potent technique that enables fast immunochemical characterization of allergens in situ without the need for protein purification and offers an alternative that could lead to improvement of standard immunodiagnostic and immunotherapeutic approaches.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Actinidia / immunology
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Allergens / genetics
  • Allergens / isolation & purification
  • Allergens / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Child
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases / genetics
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases / isolation & purification
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases / metabolism*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Food Hypersensitivity / diagnosis*
  • Food Hypersensitivity / immunology
  • Fruit
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin E / metabolism
  • Immunologic Tests
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pathology, Molecular
  • Rabbits
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Allergens
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases
  • actinidain