If not dieting, how to lose weight? Tips and tricks for a better global and cardiovascular health

Postgrad Med. 2015 Mar;127(2):173-85. doi: 10.1080/00325481.2015.993884. Epub 2014 Dec 24.

Abstract

Weight loss is a popular topic and may be of serious concern for many patients. Even with the abundant literature on obesity and cardiometabolic risk, it is always challenging to demystify and reinforce the determinants of safe approaches to lose weight. Measures of central obesity are essential to characterize the patient's adiposity distribution and should be part of the routine medical examination. Beyond this, screening for fasting lipids and glucose are important for the assessment of the cardiometabolic risk which may lead to increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Differences in adiposity as well as in weight loss exist between sexes and should be taken into consideration. Rather than avoiding some food or following certain type of diet, any planned weight loss interventions should promote lifestyle and environmental modifications with healthy eating and appropriate physical activity. With clear objectives, this appears to be the best way in order to achieve weight loss goals permanently.

Keywords: Weight loss; cardiovascular health; diet; lifestyle.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adiposity
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Size*
  • Counseling
  • Diet
  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Life Style*
  • Male
  • Overweight / epidemiology
  • Quality of Life
  • Reference Values
  • Risk Assessment
  • Waist Circumference
  • Waist-Height Ratio
  • Waist-Hip Ratio
  • Weight Loss / physiology*